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Coronavirus (COVID-19) – What you need to know

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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus that belongs to the family of coronavirus. It is a novel Coronavirus that was first identified during an investigation into an outbreak in Wuhan, China. Symptoms include fever, coughing, sore throat and shortness of breath. Recently COVID-19 was declared a pandemic (Pandemic – a disease epidemic that has spread across a large region, for instance, multiple continents, or worldwide). So here is some basic information that you should know in able to tackle this disease.

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How does COVID-19 spreads?

COVID-19 is a new disease and the experts are still learning how it spreads. However, So far they have found some causes of it’s spread:

Person-to-person spread

The virus COVID-19 probably emerged from an animal source, but is now spreading from person to person. Mainly

  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
  • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Spread from contact with contaminated surfaces or objects

It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.

The virus that causes COVID-19 seems to be spreading easily and sustainably in the community (“community spread”) in some affected areas.

Symptoms

Symptoms of COVID-19 can range from mild illness to pneumonia. Some people will recover easily, and others may get very sick very quickly.

People with coronavirus may experience:

  • fever
  • flu-like symptoms such as coughing, sore throat, and fatigue
  • shortness of breath

How To Protect Yourself from COVID-19

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The best way to prevent infection is to take everyday preventive
actions, like:

Avoid Direct and Close Contact

Try avoiding direct contact with other people. Avoid doing hugs and handshakes, instead, greet by doing Indian namaste!

Clean your hands regularly

Clean your hands often using soaps and water. Avoid touching your face (nose, eyes, and mouth) with unwashed hands.

If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Take Steps to Protect Others

If you feel sick, try to minimize your contact with others, seek a doctor or stay home if possible.

Cover your mouth with a tissue or use elbow as a cover while sneezing or coughing.

Wear facemask if you are sick. However, don’t wear facemasks if you are not sick.  It’s really important to save it for those who really need them.

Clean you rooms and doors regularly 

Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.

Avoid Going to public places and Gatherings

Ever since the high-risk infection started spreading rampantly, medical experts and health officials warned people to avoid crowded places, using public transport and areas where the risk of transmission runs high, including the gyms. Try to avoid these places until further official notice comes. 

If you are sick or having similar symptoms

Consult a doctor and stay at Home: The first thing you should do is to avoid contact with other people and consult a doctor as soon as possible. Use separate bathroom if possible. Avoid public transportations.

Home Isolation: Try to stay in a separate room and avoid your family to come into your room. Wear a facemask while going out in case it is really necessary to go.

Follow your doctors instructions and monitor your symptoms regularly.

  • As from experts, we still don’t have a vaccine for the virus COVID-19, and there is no specific treatment either. So the best thing you can do is to prevent it as much as possible. Keep your immune system strong by eating healthy food and doing home exercise. That’s all that we can do right now. Be safe guys.

Know more about COVID-19 in details on WHO’s (World Health Organization) website. Click Here

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